"Our high school learner is very active in 4-H. Can we use any of what the student is doing toward high school credit?"
I love out-of-the-box thinkers!
When I started homeschooling twenty-three years ago, 4-H was a well-known, popular option for home educators. Homeschooling families gathered at the extension office to glean curriculum for nutrition, citizenship, animal sciences, aviation, and more. Families loved the 4-H intentionality toward hands-on, experiential learning.
Today, Mike and I walk with families--Kindergarten through high school--on the home education journey. Several use 4-H materials.
This question was very appropriate as this particular family purposed to work with the interest of the learner.
How does this family consider awarding credit?
- Consider state statutes in regards to high school. States vary in regards to graduation and credit hour requirements for home educated students. Parents are responsible to determine what is required per their state statute.
- Consider activities. Some families prefer to keep digital documentation, perhaps a bullet point list of experiences, projects, presentations, awards and the like or a spreadsheet log. Alongside each experience, the parent (or student) can record study, learning, or preparation hours for that activity. See the sample spreadsheet below for a student's work toward Filmmaking.
- Consider documentation. One of the advantages of completing 4-H work is the paperwork and documentation required. This paper trail can be saved right along with the work samples in the student's portfolio, should this be required by state statute. If the young adult chooses to apply to a university which requires course descriptions, the completed work samples will be extremely valuable.
- Consider credit. Each family determines how many hours will constitute a credit hour of work (unless otherwise determined by the home education statute in your state). There really isn't an established right answer for this determination. We know families where 120 hours is required for one credit, others where as many as 200 hours are required per credit. Generally, each half credit would require half the number of hours. Once the hour requirement has been determined, parents and students can tally up total hours spent on the each discipline or course. If the student is short on learning hours, other activities or assignments can be added.
- Consider intern or volunteer hours. A great way to add learning hours is to gain personal experience through internship, apprenticeship, or volunteer hours. These hours can be logged on the spreadsheet of activities. For example, in the case of filmmaking, perhaps the young adult might spend a weekend filming content for a church video presentation. These hours could be added to the spreadsheet log. Universities and potential employers appreciate practical, hands-on learning in a field of interest. These hours are valuable.
Let's assume the learner has achieved the determined hours to earn credit, either a full one credit or a half credit.
What's the next step?
Titling a course is very important, essential, in fact. It is, in many cases, the first impression of content as well as student.
The title should be an accurate, concise representation of what was covered in the course. For example, Film Production is assumed to be different than Television Broadcasting or Film Techniques. Each will encompass different processes, media, and likely marketing and audience considerations.
Often parents ask, "Do I have to use the title given by the company or curriculum?"
The answer to that question depends on a variety of factors.
In light of this post's focus, 4-H is not a credit conferring entity. As such, a parent could use the title of the curriculum or the parent could--especially if significant content is added to the 4-H curriculum--choose a title which would more accurately define the course. For example, if 4-H Filmmaking is used but the young adult also studies the history of filmmaking and changes in production technology, perhaps a better title would be History of Filmmaking or Historical Survey of Filmmaking. If the student completes Filmmaking and then completes an internship with the video production team at his or her church, perhaps Video and Film Production would be a better title.
Need help with titling?
I have researched course titles online as well as read through local high school curriculum guides. Doing so has helped me understand the importance of accurate titling and has offered me guidelines. You could do the same by searching for course titles in an area of interest. In this case searching "high school film courses" or "high school film production courses" may render some title options.
Back to the original question,
"Can we use what a student is doing in 4-H toward high school credit?"
YES! Indeed, 4-H can be a very beneficial learning tool and a young adult could potentially use completed content toward high school credit.
Have you conferred high school credit to a learner using 4-H? Tell us what you did in the comments.
If you need more detailed information about any of the topics--credit, course content, and titling--my book Celebrate High School has full sections dedicated to each.
This blog post is intended to offer an example of personal experience. It is in no way intended to be legal advice and should not be taken as such. Parents own the sole responsibility for the training and education of their children.