What about elective credits?
Mike and I field this question often.
The short response?
There are endless possibilities to potential elective credits.
If your high school student is enrolled in a public or private school, be sure to check the school's offerings. Choices vary for each school.
If you are home educating the high school journey, know your state statute and graduation requirements as well as how they apply to home educated students. Find out if your state allows parents the freedom and responsibility to create core or elective courses. This is important because some states require home educated students to take only courses offered in the state. Other states give parents the ability to oversee the child's education, hence the creation and oversight of classes, should the family choose that path. Your state statute requirements will provide what is required of the parent and of your student as well and therefore shed light upon the possibilities available to the family.
For those who are home educating and have the ability to choose elective credits, consider:
The life-goals (if known) of your learner. For some high schoolers, they will have a clear understanding and direction for what they will pursue after high school graduation. Others young adults are still discovering their interests and therefore, their life goals. The good news is there is no right time for a learner to decide next steps after graduation.
If there isn't a clear path, prepare for the broadest possibilities. Be careful not to short change the young adult.
For those learners who do have an inkling of what they want to do, move in that direction while keeping a broad perspective. Be ready for change.
For example, perhaps your learner aspires to be a veterinarian. One or our learners thought this career path might be a possibility. Our next right step was to consider talking with professionals in the field and then preparing for a job shadowing experience or volunteer opportunity. We considered several venues: a vet's office, a local clinic, and the animal shelter. The process involved conversations about what questions might be helpful should an opportunity come available to talk with a veterinarian. Helpful questions included:
- What universities are considered optimal for this profession?
- What are the potential degree and career paths for this profession?
- What classes or experiences were most helpful in the education process?
- What are the specialty ares of this field of study?
- What would you, as a professional, recommend for a young adult pursuing this career?
While on-site, we encourage our learners to find ways to bring value to the host. This might include offering to fold clean towels. It might include offering to empty trash cans. We also encourage our young adults to observe office practices. Along these lines, we suggest visiting several offices, and include specialty areas. In the case of veterinary medicine, specialties may include veterinary oncology or ophthalmology. Visiting specialty offices allows the learner to compare and contrast care and office practices. These experiences may allow the learner to narrow his or her field of study while earning high school electives--in this case Introduction to Veterinarian Medicine.
Experiential learning in high school is as valuable as in the elementary and middle school years.
The admission requirements of the learner's top choice universities. This consideration is--from our experience--extremely important and often overlooked due to the belief that the cost of the education is beyond the reach of the family or the location is too far from home. Mike and I encourage parents and young adults to put EVERY potential school on the list of consideration, even if attendance seems out of reach for some reason. We know learners who desired to attend private, out-of-state schools who eventually were awarded full, four-year tuition, either by merit or in one situation, a drawing at a college fair!
The interests of your learner. I find it ironic that we (as a community of parents) encourage young children and elementary age learners to explore their interests, yet as the middle and high school years loom on the horizon, the tune often changes. When it does, students, parents, and educators tend to concentrate on core courses (with good reason) while pushing strengths and giftings to the side. Yet, often those strengths and giftings are the very elements which learners need to be successful adults--not to mention reduce the stress of some tougher core courses. Wouldn't it be wonderful if--during the middle and high school years--students, parents, and teachers could find ways for learners to complete required courses while also engaging in and exploring interests and strengths?
As home education evaluators and consultants, Mike and I have seen AMAZING outcomes for young adults who have had opportunities to complete required core courses (and therefore be eligible for college admission at schools of their choice) while also delving into areas of interest.
Our third high schooler continued to build the business she started in middle school. In doing so, she was able to complete core courses while also learning important small business skills: crafting inventory, budgeting and filing taxes, investigating advertising, setting up a website, and showcasing inventory at craft shows and expos. In addition, she was able to purchase her own clothing, save money, and tithe to church.
The current life season of your family. When my grandmother was terminally ill, we spent four months visiting and researching facilities--navigating pros and cons of each--as Gram's needs changed. In addition, we visited Grammy three times a week, caring for her and connecting with her "friends" in each facility. We talked with care workers about what they did and how they obtained their education and professional licensing. As evaluation time rolled around, I couldn't even begin to remember all we did. But, my high schooler did! In fact, she asked whether all she had taken part in and learned could be used for credit. GREAT question! And after discussing all she learned and researching high school and college course equivalent to what she completed, I titled the course Cares and Concerns of the Elderly. Definitely an eye-catcher on her transcript. You can read more about how this course came about in this blog post.
What situations are upon your family? How can those normal, every day (or every ten years) opportunities become credit? For example, if you're painting your house, your learners are learning how to calculate the amount of paint needed, research paint types, buy good tools (good quality tools make the job go well), use and care for tools properly, run a pressure washer, trim paint small areas, roll on paint, clean rollers and brushes, and store tools so they can be in good condition for the next project. The list is endless. As we tackle painting the outside of our home this week, I stepped up our ladder thinking, this is real-life home economics (though in the past I titled the course home maintenance and repair). If you need to tackle a home project and don't know where to begin, model for your children how to find an expert in the field (read more about this here) or search for an online tutorial. These are important research skills your learners will need in life.
What are the elective possibilities for your young adult? Begin looking at what the learner is already doing. Consider their interests and strength. In addition, look at your family's life season and circumstances as well as the admission requirements of the young adult's top college choices. These areas will shed light on the vast possibilities for high school electives.
A last note for consideration...
What about excessive credits?
As Mike and I have worked with families over the past twenty-three years, there have been a few cases in which a student has earned excessive credits--more than 35 credits! In other words, the reader of the transcript would wonder if the learner ever slept. However, this has been only a few scenarios. In those situations, parents were able to include content from one course into another already existing course without the accusatory credit inflation.
In mentioning excessive credits, it has been typical for homeschooled students to earn more credits than the average student. This is acceptable if indeed the credit is not inflated.
This blog post is intended to offer an example of personal experience. It is in no way intended to be legal advice and should not be taken as such. Parents own the sole responsibility for the training and education of their children.